(yar) The charter


John, by the grace of God, king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitain, and earl of Anjou; to the archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, earls, barons, justices, sheriffs, provosts and to all bailiffs and other his faithful subjects, greeting. Know ye that we have granted, and by our present charter confirmed to our burgesses of Yarmouth, that they have the burgh of Yarmouth in fee-farm for ever; and that the burgh be a free burgh for ever; and have soc and sac, toll and theam, and infangenthief and outfangenthief. And that the same burgesses through our whole land, and through all the sea-ports, be quit of toll, lastage, passage, paage, pontage, stallage, and of leve, and of Danegeld, and every other custom, saving the liberty of the city of London; and that they do no suit of counties or hundreds for tenures„within the burgh of Yarmouth.

We have also granted to the same burgesses, and by this our charter have confirmed, that none of them plead out of the burgh of Yarmouth, in any plea, except the pleas of outward tenures. We have also granted to them acquittance of murder within the burgh of Yarmouth and that none of them shall fight the combat. And that they may try the pleas of the crown among themselves, according to the law and custom of Oxford. And that within the burgh aforesaid none shall take quarters by force, or by assignment of the marshals. And that in the burgh there shall be no plea of miskenning: and that hustings be holden but once in a week. We have also granted to them a merchant guild: and that they shall justly have their lands and tenures, their securities, and all their debts, which any one shall owe them. And concerning their lands and tenures which are within the burgh aforesaid, the writ of right shall be tried by them, according to the law and custom of the burgh of Oxford: and concerning all their debts, which shall be contracted at Yarmouth, and concerning securities there made, the pleas, (or actions) shall be held at Yarmouth. And if any one in all England shall take tolls or custom from the burgesses of Yarmouth, except, as above, the said city of London, and afterward that person shall desist from (or not prosecute his writ of) right, the provost of Yarmouth shall take out (the writ of) Naam at Yarmouth.

Moreover, for the amendment of the said burgh of Yarmouth, we have granted, that whatever merchants shall come to the burgh of Yarmouth with their wares, of whatever place they shall be, whether foreigners or others who are at peace with us, or by our permission shall come into our land, they may come, stay, and depart in our safe peace, paying the right customs of that burgh. We also prohibit, that no one injure, or damage, or molest the aforesaid burgesses upon forfeiture of ten pounds.

Wherefore we will, and strictly command, that the aforesaid burgesses of Yarmouth, and their heirs, have and hold for ever all the franchises aforesaid, hereditarily, truly and peaceably, freely, quietly, and wholly, fully and honourably, paying thereout annually fifty and five pounds by tale, by the hand of the provost of Yarmouth into our Exchequer, at the term of St. Michael.

And the burgesses of Yarmouth shall yearly choose such provosts out of themselves, as shall be agreeable to us and them.

Witnesses, Lord Peter of Winchester,. Lord John of Norwich, Lord S. of Salisbury, bishops; G. Fitz-Peter; William Marshal, earl of Pembroke; W. our brother, earl of Salisbury; William earl de Ferrars; Peter Fitz-Herbert; W. Brewer; Hugh de Nevill; Adam de Port; Garin Fitz-Gerald; William de Cantilupe; John de Bassing; Jeffery Lutterell; Thomas Fitz-Adam. Dated by the hand of H. de Wells, archdeacon of Wells, at Marleburgh, the 18th day of March in the ninth year of our reign.